“Millipede collage” by Animalparty (collage), see source images for authors – This file was derived from:Epanerchodus curtigonopus holotype.jpg:Brachycybe lecontii (Platydesmida) millipede (3680001399).jpg:Sagmatostreptus strongylopygus Tanzania crop.jpg:Ammodesmus granum.jpeg:Aponedyopus montanus 002.jpg:Worm circled.jpg:Titanophyllum spiliarum.jpg:Glomeris sublimbata.png:Nemasomatidae (Julida) 2012-10-16-15.jpg:. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Commons
Millipedes are sometimes called “thousand-leggers” because of their many pairs of legs, but they can actually have anywhere from 30-90+ pairs of legs, depending on the species. The leggiest is Illacme plenipes, which can have more than 333 pairs of legs.
Most millipedes are nocturnal and are primarily scavengers, feeding on decaying plants and occasionally dead insects. In the autumn, millipedes are known to migrate in great numbers.
Millipedes are found throughout the world, with about 1,000 species occurring in the United States alone. They are typically found in areas of high moisture and decaying vegetation, such as under trash, in piles of grass clippings, flower-bed mulches, piles of leaves, etc. Millipedes do not usually survive indoors for more than a few days unless there are high moisture conditions and a food supply is present.